Vol. 3 (2) Dec. 2021

Article ID. JHSSR-1107-2021

Modelling Teaching Strategies According to Students’ Preferred Learning Styles: An Experimental Study

Saroja Dhanapal, Nadhratul Wardah Salman and Ong Li-Theen


VARK questionnaire, Preferred Learning Styles, Experimental Research, Control & Experimental Group, Pre-test, Post-test, Teaching Approaches, Academic Achievements

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Learning styles are defined as individuals’ ways of perceiving, processing, and retaining new information. Researchers have proven that there is a strong relationship between identifying preferred learning styles and employing appropriate teaching styles to improve academic achievement. This research assessed the effectiveness of the Visual, Aural, Read-Write and Kinesthetic (VARK) questionnaire in determining students’ preferred learning styles. The researchers adopted an experimental research design where two groups of elementary students were selected: a control and an experimental group. An experiment was designed and implemented to explore the effectiveness of the VARK questionnaire in determining the learning styles of the students. The comparison of the test results of the groups indicates that the experimental group performed better than the control group. Since the lessons in the experimental group were conducted using approaches that matched the learning preferences of the students identified through the VARK questionnaire, the results strongly indicate that the VARK questionnaire is an effective tool for identifying students’ learning preferences.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.37534/bp.jhssr.2021.v3.n2.id1107.p139