Vol. 2 (S) Jun. 2020

Article ID. JHSSR-1039-2020[S]

Self-care for Public Health Concept with Coronavirus Crisis in Thailand

Chonticha Kaewanuchit and Nayan Deep S. Kanwal


COVID-19; coronavirus crisis; pandemic, public health concept, self-care, Thailand

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The World Health Organization announced on January 20th, 2020 that the COVID-19 epidemic is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). After that the Thai government announced an emergency situation in all areas of the Kingdom of Thailand, from March 26th–June 15th 2020 and curfew later. COVID-19 crisis is one of the biggest crises of global health and the greatest challenge with the world. A public health concept reported that self-care plays an important role both in individual and public health systems including health promotion, prevention, and control disease, providing health care to persons, and seeking health care systems. The aim of this study is to study and describe about self-care for public health concept during coronavirus crisis in Thailand. It is based on social determinants of health (i.e., social distancing). Documentary research was used. Data collection was done by collecting data of CCSA, and Ministry of Public Health, Thailand during April 13th–23th, 2020. Data description, number of total infectious cases, the number of novel COVID- 19 cases, death, remedied, and hospitalized cases with COVID-19 disease were analyzed. The results found that number of new COVID-19 patients decreased continuously and gradually and increment of number of remedied COVID-19 cases. The guideline of self-care recommendations from public health perspective with COVID-19 outbreak in Thailand from the Ministry of Public health has 14 guidelines. It was notified that it is based on some social determinants of health such as social distancing. Report of the department of mental health, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand on April 22nd, 2020, outlines that level of stress and anxiety increased when COVID-19 pandemic crisis occurred on March, 2020. It indicated that the trend of corona virus crisis in Thailand will be controlled and normal public health will return by following the “Stay home, Stop the disease, for the nation” motto of the Thai government.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.37534/bp.jhssr.2020.v2.nS.id1039.p79