Our scope is inclusive; Horizon publishes articles covering any research discipline within its scope. We welcome the submission of manuscripts that report original results of primary research (positive or negative), describe new methods or other research tools, describe new datasets, report new cases, or analyze existing data and report novel insights in form of a systematic or scoping review. In addition, we publish a selected number of literature reviews. We do not accept any type of opinion style piece.
Please provide your manuscript in an editable format; any common word processing software is acceptable.
Adhere to the stipulated word-count. Regular articles: not more than 6,000 words, and Review articles: 3,000 words maximum.
Running head or title: "is the title or abbreviated title of a volume printed at the top of left-hand text pages or sometimes of all text pages" It allows readers to determine which paper they're looking at just by glancing at the top of the page. If your actual title is already very short, use your actual title. But your titles are very long, so we need running titles for each of your manuscript.
A running head of no more than 40 character spaces should be provided on your manuscript during submission.
Please provide a title that is concise, informative and attractive; ideally it should contain no more than 30 words. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems so please keep in mind that your choice of title may impact how easily readers can discover your article.
All authors of a manuscript should include their full name and affiliation on the cover page of the manuscript. Where available, please also include ORCiDs and social media handles (Facebook, Twitter or LinkedIn), if available.
One author will need to be identified as the corresponding author, with their email address normally displayed in the article. Authors’ affiliations are the affiliations where the research was conducted. If any of the named co-authors moves affiliation during the peer-review process, the new affiliation can be given as a footnote. Please note that no changes to affiliation can be made after your paper is accepted.
Co-authors, corresponding authors, and affiliations
A co-author is any person who has made a significant contribution to a journal article. They also share responsibility and accountability for the results. If more than one author writes an article, you’ll choose one person to be the corresponding author. This person will handle all correspondence about the article and sign the publishing agreement on behalf of all the authors. The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that all the authors’ contact details are correct. You should all agree on the order in which your names will appear in the article. Please also ensure that your affiliations are correct, as explained below.
If you are a named co-author, this means that you:
- Made a significant contribution to the work reported, whether that’s in the research conception or design, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation, or in all these areas.
- Have drafted, written, or revised the article.
- Reviewed and agreed the final version of the article before submission.
- Have agreed on the journal to which your article will be submitted.
- Are aware that you are taking responsibility and accountability for the content of the article.
- Are aware that the corresponding author will be acting on your behalf in any communication about the article, through submission, peer review, production, and after publication.
- Share responsibility with all named co-authors if your article is found to be unsafe, in error, in some way fraudulent, or in breach of the publishing agreement.
Affiliations: get it right
Your affiliation in the manuscript should be the institution where you conducted the research. You should also include details of any funding received from that institution. If you have changed affiliation since completing the research, your new affiliation can be acknowledged in a foot note. We can’t normally make changes to affiliation after the journal accepts your article.
After the journal has accepted your article, if you need to change the co-authors for any reason you should write to the executive editor of the journal, with a clear reason for the change. This letter must come from all the authors, including the person you are adding or removing. The executive editor will need to agree to the change.
If the corresponding author changes before the article is published (i.e., if a co-author becomes the corresponding author), please write to the executive editor of the journal, confirming that all, or both authors have agreed the change.
Requested changes to the co-authors or corresponding authors after publication of the article will also be considered, following the authorship guidelines issued by COPE, the Committee on Publication Ethics.
Agree your corresponding author and the order of co-authors, and check all affiliations and contact details before submitting.
We do not have strict formatting requirements, but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey the content in clearly defined sections: Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion and/or Conclusions, Figures and Tables with Captions, and any Supplementary Material required. Authors should use the IMRAD style.
The text should be in single-column format and the layout of the text should be as simple as possible. Please note that the size of each individual submission file must not exceed 150MB; and the collective size of all submitted files must not exceed 700 MB.
The abstract should state briefly (not more than 150 words maximum) the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions; should describe your entire study at a glance. Abstracts are often presented and read as stand-alone text, so please keep this in mind when writing, and avoid the use of references and abbreviations.
Please provide keywords to help readers find your article. Select keywords accurately as these will be used to index your article on Horizon Online and on search engines such as Google ScholarTM. These keywords will help others find your article quickly and accurately. Think of them as the labels for your article. What’s more, a strong correlation exists between online hits and subsequent citations for journal articles.
Think about how you search for articles, and what words or phrases you put in. Then think about your own article, and what keywords are most relevant to the focus of your work. Once you’ve drawn up a shortlist, try searching with them, to ensure the results fit with your article and so you can see how useful they would be to others. Then narrow down your keywords to ensure they are as accurate as possible.
Ideally, up to 8 keywords should be provided.
Please indicate the level of the section headings in your article:
- First-level headings (e.g. Introduction, Conclusion) should be in bold, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.
- Second-level headings should be in bold italics, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.
- Third-level headings should be in italics, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.
- Fourth-level headings should be in bold italics, at the beginning of a paragraph. The text follows immediately after a full stop (full point) or other punctuation mark.
- Fifth-level headings should be in italics, at the beginning of a paragraph. The text follows immediately after a full stop (full point) or other punctuation mark.
Please define all abbreviations at first use.
It should provide sufficient background about the work carried out. Provide adequate background information, while avoiding a detailed literature review, and state the objectives of your work in light of previous findings.
Theory/ Calculation (if applicable)
A theory section should extend, not repeat, the background information provided in the Introduction section, and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, this part represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
Materials and Methods (or Methodology)
This should include details of any experiments conducted or data collected. Please provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Previously published methods should be shown in a reference; you only need to describe relevant modifications.
Results and Discussion
This section should answer the question you raised in the introduction. Results should be clear and concise. A discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not just repeat them.
A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate.
The main conclusion(s) of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, as a stand-alone section or in form of a subsection of the Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
Here you should include your findings.
A statement from the author(s) to declare that no competing interest exists.
Please collate all acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article, before the references.
Its purpose is to thank all of the people who helped with the research but did not qualify for authorship. This could be someone from a sponsoring institution, a funding body, other researchers, or even family, friends or colleagues who have helped in the preparation.
Formatting: All references cited in the text need to appear in the bibliography. You can use automated reference software or article formatting tools (e.g., EndNote® or Reference Manager®) to make this easier.
There are strict requirements on reference formatting at submission, however we highly encourage the inclusion of DOIs to ensure references are citable and discoverable. References must conform to Horizon’s style or format (APA), and the style must be consistent throughout the article.
Where applicable, author name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter, pagination and the DOI should be included. Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations.
Citation in Text
Please ensure that every reference cited
in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Unpublished results, and personal communications should not be included in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication; in this case, a copy of the title page of the relevant article must be submitted.
As a minimum, the full URL should be provided, along with the date on which the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.) should also be given.
Horizon encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier.
Biographical Statement of Authors
Authors should submit a biographical statement to be included in the manuscript to be published by JHSSR. The biographical statement should include the author(s) full name, affiliation, email. In addition, it is also appropriate to discuss your personal history, academic program and/or field placement, and interest in the article’s subject. The biographical statement may not exceed 75 words.
Includes additional data.
Please note that we require the source files of figures and text graphics at submission. Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text and provide captions to illustrations.
A caption should be self-contained and consist of a brief title and a concise description of the illustration. All symbols and abbreviations used should be explained.
Please use uniform lettering and sizing in your original artwork and embed the used fonts if the application you are using provides that option. To ensure labels are legible, we suggest using the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Helvetica, Times New Roman sizing them according to the final figure size.
Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format and with the correct resolution, size and the illustrations as close as possible to the desired dimensions of the printed pdf version. We are not able to accept file formats that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG) as these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors.
Please place figure captions at the bottom of each figure.
Ensure you have permission to use any tables or figures you are reproducing from another source.
We recommend providing tables within your manuscript file where possible, ideally using a single table grid for each individual table, otherwise using tabs to separate columns. Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. You should number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body.
Table labels or captions should be placed at the top of each table.
Please ensure that mathematical equations are submitted in an editable format and not as images. You should present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible, and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables should be presented in italics. It is often more convenient to denote powers of e by using exp. You should number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).