Our scope is inclusive; Horizon publishes articles covering any research discipline within its scope.
Contributions should be specified as research papers, review papers, perspectives, short-communication papers, and book reviews.
We welcome the submission of manuscripts that report original results of primary research (positive or negative), describe new methods or other research tools, describe new datasets, report new cases, or analyze existing data and report novel insights in form of a systematic or scoping review.
Research papers are original papers with comprehensive and detailed description of the research work. The originality, technical quality, and impact of the research work are evaluated.
In principle, a research paper consists of the following parts:
- 1) Title,
- 2) Authors,
- 3) Affiliations,
- 4) Keywords,
- 5) Abstract,
Use IMRAD style
- a. Introduction,
- b. Materials and Methods (theory and state of the art),
- c. Results,
- d. Discussion,
- 6) Conclusions,
- 7) Acknowledgements,
- 8) References, and
- 9) Figure and Table Captions.
They must provide sufficient information to ensure the repeatability of experiments and analyses by other researchers. The length of research papers is generally more than six pages (or 6,000 words).
Review papers are high scholarly contributions articles written by experts who not only know very well the research and technical developments in the field but also are able to critically examine the state-of-the-art and express informed views and provide ideas of future developments of the research topic. Review articles are usually around 3,000 -4,000 words maximum.
In essence, a perspective or, an opinion, and commentary articles are scholarly articles which express a personal opinion or a new perspective about existing or a new research on a particular topic that is expected to make a significant contribution to the field in the future.
Perspective pieces may focus on current advances and future directions on a topic, and may include original data as well as personal opinion.
These are usually short peer-reviewed articles of around 2,000-3,000 words. A perspective article usually includes a short abstract of around 150 words and a few tables and figures, if required.
Short Communications are short papers that present original and significant material for rapid dissemination. For example, a Short Communication may focus on a particular aspect of a problem or a new finding that is expected to have a significant impact.
As they are concise articles, they are usually no longer than 3,000 words (7-8 double spaced pages). They do not cover in detail background information about the problems treated or the applications, rather they provide key pointers to the reader. The work reported needs to be technically sound, innovative and significantly unique, advancing the state of the art.
Book Reviews include critiques of recent books (published within the past three years), related to the scope of the journal. They are usually between 750 and 1,200 words. Authors must include a JPG (min.600 dpi) of a cover image of the reviewed item.
Please provide your manuscript in an editable format; any common word processing software is acceptable.
Running head or title: "is the title or abbreviated title of a volume printed at the top of left-hand text pages or sometimes of all text pages" It allows readers to determine which paper they're looking at just by glancing at the top of the page. If your actual title is already very short, use your actual title. But your titles are very long, so we need running titles for each of your manuscript. A running head of no more than 40 character spaces should be provided on your manuscript during submission.
Please provide a title that is concise, informative and attractive; ideally it should contain no more than 30 words. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems so please keep in mind that your choice of title may impact how easily readers can discover your article.
All authors of a manuscript should include their full name and affiliation on the cover page of the manuscript. The affiliation must include full address including city and country. Authors’ affiliations are the affiliations where the research was conducted. If any of the named co-authors moves affiliation during the peer-review process, the new affiliation can be given as a footnote. Please note that no changes to affiliation can be made after your paper is accepted.
One author will need to be identified as the corresponding author, with their email address normally displayed in the article.
Co-authors, corresponding authors, and affiliations
A co-author is any person who has made a significant contribution to a journal article. They also share responsibility and accountability for the results. If more than one author writes an article, you’ll choose one person to be the corresponding author. This person will handle all correspondence about the article and sign the publishing agreement on behalf of all the authors. The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that all the authors’ contact details are correct. All authors must agree on the order in which their names will appear in the article. Please also ensure that each author’s affiliations are correct, as explained below.
If you are a named co-author, this means that you:
- Made a significant contribution to the work reported, whether that’s in the research conception or design, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation, or in all these areas.
- Have drafted, written, or revised the article.
- Reviewed and agreed the final version of the article before submission.
- Have agreed on the journal to which your article will be submitted.
- Are aware that you are taking responsibility and accountability for the content of the article.
- Are aware that the corresponding author will be acting on your behalf in any communication about the article, through submission, peer review, production, and after publication.
- Share responsibility with all named co-authors if your article is found to be unsafe, in error, in some way fraudulent, or in breach of the publishing agreement.
Affiliations: get it right
Author’s affiliation in the manuscript should be the institution where research was conducted. Authors should also include details of any funding received from that institution. If the author has changed affiliation since completing the research, new affiliation can be acknowledged in a foot note. No changes to affiliation are acceptable after the journal accepts the article.
Changes to authorship or sequence
After the journal has accepted your article, if you need to change the co-authors for any reason you should write to the executive editor of the journal, with a clear reason for the change. This letter must come from all the authors, including the person you are adding or removing. The executive editor will need to agree to the change. Same is applicable to any change of authorship sequence.
If the corresponding author changes before the article is published (i.e., if a co-author becomes the corresponding author), please write to the executive editor of the journal, confirming that all, or both authors have agreed the change.
Requested changes to the co-authors or corresponding authors after publication of the article will also be considered, following the authorship guidelines issued by COPE, the Committee on Publication Ethics.
We do not have strict formatting requirements, but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey the content in clearly defined sections: Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion and/or Conclusions, Figures and Tables with Captions, and any Supplementary Material required. Authors should use the IMRAD style.
The text should be in single-column format and the layout of the text should be as simple as possible.
The abstract should be a total of about 200 words maximum. The abstract should be a single paragraph and follow the style of structured abstract without headings: 1) Background: Write the question addressed in a broad context and highlight the purpose of the study; 2) Methods: Describe briefly the main methods or treatments applied. Include any relevant preregistration numbers and details of methods or materials (ex. species and strains of any animals used). 3) Results: Summarize the article's main findings, and 4) Conclusion: Indicate the main conclusions or interpretations. The abstract should be an objective representation of the article. It must not contain results that are not presented and substantiated in the main text and should not exaggerate the main conclusions.
Please provide up to 8 pertinent keywords specific to the article arranged in alphabetical order to help readers find your article. Keywords should be so chosen that they best describe the contents of the paper. In most cases, these words can be found in the title and abstract. Noun forms without articles must be used. The use of hyphens and prepositions should be avoided. They should be typed in lower-case letters and followed by a comma, except for the last one. Keywords will be used to index your article on Horizon Online and on search engines such as Google ScholarTM.
Please indicate the level of the section headings in your article:
- First-level headings (e.g. Introduction, Conclusion) should be in bold, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.
- Second-level headings should be in bold italics, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.
- Third-level headings should be in italics, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.
- Fourth-level headings should be in bold italics, at the beginning of a paragraph. The text follows immediately after a full stop (full point) or other punctuation mark.
- Fifth-level headings should be in italics, at the beginning of a paragraph. The text follows immediately after a full stop (full point) or other punctuation mark.
Please define all abbreviations at first use.
It should provide sufficient background about the work carried out. Provide adequate background information, while avoiding a detailed literature review, and state the objectives of your work in light of previous findings.
Theory/ Calculation (if applicable)
A theory section should extend, not repeat, the background information provided in the Introduction section, and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, this part represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
Materials and Methods (or Methodology)
This should include details of any experiments conducted or data collected. Please provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Previously published methods should be shown in a reference; you only need to describe relevant modifications.
Results and Discussion
This section should answer the question you raised in the introduction. Results should be clear and concise. A discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not just repeat them.
A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate.
The main conclusion(s) of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, as a stand-alone section or in form of a subsection of the Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
Here you should include your findings.
A statement from the author(s) to declare that no competing interest exists, usually placed after the conclusions.
Please collate all acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article, before the references. Its purpose is to thank all of the people who helped with the research but did not qualify for authorship. This could be someone from a sponsoring institution, a funding body, other researchers, or even family, friends or colleagues who have helped in the preparation.
Formatting: All references cited in the text need to appear in the bibliography. You can use automated reference software or article formatting tools (e.g., EndNote® or Reference Manager®) to make this easier.
There are strict requirements on reference formatting at submission, however we highly encourage the inclusion of DOIs to ensure references are citable and discoverable. References must conform to Horizon’s style or format (APA 6th or 7th ed.), and the style must be consistent throughout the article.
Each reference cited in text must appear in the reference list, and ensure each entry in the reference list must be cited in-text (correspondence between in-text citations and your reference list). As a rule of the thumb; cite what you use, use what you cite.
The references are to be alphabetized by the fist author's last name, or (if no author is listed) the organization or title.
Where applicable, author name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter, pagination and the DOI should be included. Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations.
Citation in Text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).
Unpublished results, and personal communications should not be included in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication; in this case, a copy of the title page of the relevant article must be submitted.
As a minimum, the full URL should be provided, along with the date on which the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.) should also be given.
Biographical Statement of Authors
Authors should submit a biographical statement to be included in the manuscript to be published by JHSSR. The biographical statement should include the author(s) full name, affiliation, email. In addition, it is also appropriate to discuss your personal history, academic program and/or field placement, and interest in the article’s subject. The biographical statement may not exceed 75 words.
The author biography should be accompanied with a high-resolution picture (in JPEG file format and NOT pasted in a Word file) of each author listed in this manuscript which would be published along with the article.
Includes additional data.
Please note that we require the source files of figures and text graphics at submission. Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text and provide captions to illustrations.
A caption should be self-contained and consist of a brief title and a concise description of the illustration. All symbols and abbreviations used should be explained.
Please use uniform lettering and sizing in your original artwork and embed the used fonts if the application you are using provides that option. To ensure labels are legible, we suggest using the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Helvetica, Times New Roman sizing them according to the final figure size.
Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format and with the correct resolution, size and the illustrations as close as possible to the desired dimensions of the printed pdf version. We are not able to accept file formats that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG) as these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors.
Please place figure captions at the bottom of each figure.
Ensure you have permission to use any tables or figures you are reproducing from another source. Source must also be included below each figure.
We recommend providing tables within your manuscript file where possible, ideally using a single table grid for each individual table, otherwise using tabs to separate columns. Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. You should number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body.
Table labels or captions should be placed at the top of each table.
Please ensure that mathematical equations are submitted in an editable format and not as images.