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Evaluation of the Moderating Roles of Marital Status in Curbing COVID-19 Infections in Nigeria
Moderating Roles, Marital Status Intervening effects, Susceptibility, Self-efficacy, Severity, COVID-19 infections
BACKGROUND: In the last few years, the COVID-19 pandemic has posed a threat to both humanity and the economy globally. Therefore, daily research is conducted towards devising means of minimizing the spread of the virus and its effects widely. However, the goal of eradicating the virus has not been achieved completely. Hence, our study aims to evaluate the intervening effect of marital status on the susceptibility, self-efficacy, severity, and cues to action in curbing the spread of COVID-19 infections. The study also examined the contributions of susceptibility, self-efficacy, and severity on cues to action in curbing the spread of Covid-19. METHOD: Quantitative approach was employed in this study for inferential study requirements and for quantifying the data. To generate the data from the respondents’ opinions, an online survey questionnaire was employed. RESULTS: The findings established that susceptibility, self-efficacy, and severity contributed 32.9% of the variance on the cues to action in curbing the spread of Covid-19. In terms of the marital status intervening effects on the relationships between susceptibility, self-efficacy, severity, and cues to action in curbing the spread of Covid-19, the result demonstrates that marital status only had an intervening effect on susceptibility and cues to action for curbing the spread of COVID-19 infections. CONCLUSION: Our study, recommends the need to sensitize the unmarried people on the likelihood of being susceptible to the virus, and also on the need to intensify the precautionary measures for containing the virus. The findings also indicate that married people perceive the possibility of contracting the virus more than unmarried ones. Hence, married people are more likely to embrace preventive measures that could curb the spread of the virus. However, there is the need to strengthen the perceptions of susceptibility, efficacy, and severity, towards minimizing the spread of the virus as these factors yielded a moderate amount of variance in curbing the virus. Our study further proffers insights into moderating factors’ impact on curtailing the spread of COVID-19 infections.
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