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Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on the Dietary Pattern
and Physical Activity of People
AYUSH, COVID-19, diet, Government of India, malnutrition, meals, pandemic, physical activity
World Health Organization (WHO) has declared Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as a pandemic. The human race in the entire world is at risk of getting affected by COVID-19. India stands second in the world with a population of 1.3 billion with one third of women in their reproductive age, malnourished (Narayan, 2018). Malnutrition results in low resistance to infections. Therefore, any pandemic may affect Indian population adversely. Currently, no one in the world has been able to develop any vaccine or medicine for the treatment of COVID-19. Government of India (GOI) and AYUSH (Ayurvedic, Yoga and Naturopathy) gave very simple, home based, guidelines in simple and local languages at appropriate timings regarding immunity boosting foods, warm water intake, healthy diet, physical activity etc. to promote health. A well-structured questionnaire pertaining to diet, activity, and use of herbs before and during COVID-19 lockdown phase-1 was pre tested and then filled by 90 respondents online. Results showed a significant change (p < 0.01), in dietary pattern, inclusion of physical activity in daily routine and intake of immunity boosting foods like vitamin C rich lemon water, honey, turmeric milk, warm water etc.
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