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Digitalisation, Online Learning and Virtual World
Sudhakar Patra and Kabita Kumari Sahu
Internet, New Normal, Online Learning, Teaching, Users, Virtual World
The objective of the paper is to analyse the process of digitization, progress and challenges of online teaching and learning. The paper is based on secondary sources of information and data. The digitalisation has influenced the social and economic activities of the world drastically. Educational practices and policies, particularly, online teaching and learning has emerged as consequence of digital turn. Online education has a pedagogical shift in teaching and learning methods. However, online learning is a new form of distance learning, which has following types:
1. Correspondence Courses, 2. Tele-courses 3. CD-ROM Courses 4. Online Learning through ZOOM, Skype, Google Meet 5. Mobile Learning through WhatsApp etc. Online learning is capable of satisfying the requirements of increasing student population who cannot join in traditional classrooms. The benefits of online teaching and learning are (i) Convenience (ii) Enhanced Learning (iii) Bridging regional gaps (iv) Interaction (v) Innovative Teaching (vi) Improved Administration (vii) Savings (viii) Maximisation of Resources (ix) Outreach. The education sector is adopting online education system and virtual classes are the best solution to protect the students from spread of corona virus.
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